Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a specific branch of dentistry that includes the diagnosis and surgical and related treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects involving both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the head, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws, and neck. Your dentists at Sunrise Dental Clinic are trained to diagnose and, in some cases, treat these conditions. Oral surgery includes but is not limited to:
- wisdom teeth removal.
- temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome.
- treatment of facial trauma.
- corrective jaw surgery.
- oral pathology.
- dental implants.
- bone grafts.
Wisdom Tooth Extraction
An oral surgeon or your dentist at Sunrise Dental Clinic can remove (extract) your wisdom teeth for you. The procedure is done at our Coquitlam dental clinic. If you have any infections, surgery may be delayed, and antibiotics will be prescribed until the infection has cleared up.
One of the main goals of modern dentistry is the prevention of tooth loss. All possible measures are taken to preserve and maintain your teeth, as the loss of a single tooth can have a major impact upon your dental health and appearance. However, it is still sometimes necessary to remove a tooth.
Before removing a wisdom tooth, your dentist will give you a local anaesthetic to numb the area from which the tooth will be removed. Alternatively, a general anaesthetic may be used, especially if several or all wisdom teeth require extraction at the same time. A general anaesthetic blocks pain throughout the body and will cause you to sleep through the procedure. Your dentist will probably recommend that you do not eat or drink after midnight on the night before surgery, so you will be prepared for the anaesthetic if this option is advised.
Here are some of the reasons why a tooth may need to be extracted:
- Severe decay
- Advanced periodontal (gum) disease
- Orthodontic correction
- Malpositioned teeth
- Fractured teeth or roots
- Impacted teeth with a potential future problem
To remove the wisdom tooth, your dentist will open up the gum tissue over the tooth and take out any bone that is covering the tooth. The dentist will separate the tissue connecting the tooth to the bone and then remove the tooth. Sometimes the dentist will cut the tooth into smaller pieces for ease of extraction.
After the tooth is removed, you may need stitches. Some stitches dissolve over time and some have to be removed after a few days. Your Coquitlam dentist at Sunrise Dental Clinic will tell you whether your stitches need to be removed.